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According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute Yearbook 2020, each state which possesses nuclear weapons has continued to modernise their arsenal. Last year, China recorded 290 warheads with the figure rising 320 in January this year.
The report revealed only China, Pakistan and the UK had an increase in nuclear warheads.
The US, Russia and France all saw a small decrease.
India’s stock rose from around 130-140 to just 150, which is smaller than both China and Pakistan, both who are border rivals with India.
The report said: “India, which is engaged in the same nuclear race, is slowing increasing the size and diversity of its nuclear forces, as per the disarmament report, but lags behind its arch-rivals China and Pakistan in terms of the number of nuclear warheads it possesses.”
Tensions between China and India escalated last month after the two countries engaged in a number of unarmed clashes along the 2,100-mile border with.
On Tuesday (June 2), Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi spoke with US President Donald Trump on the “situation on the India-China border”.
Mr Trump offered to mediate the feud between the countries but they have both rejected the offer and claimed the situation is under control.
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson, Zhao Lijian, said: “At present, the overall situation in the China-India border areas is stable and controllable.
“On border-related issues, there have been sound mechanisms and channels of communication between China and India, and the two sides are capable of properly resolving relevant issues through dialogue and consultation.
“There is no need for any third party to intervene.”
The Global Times reported border forces had been armed with new tanks, drones and helicopters.
It was also reported the Chinese military had held high-altitude infiltration exercises in the Tanggula Mountains in Tibet, a highly contested boundary.
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Around 5,000 Chinese troops were at the border, according to Indian media.
Violence, however, was reported elsewhere in the Himalayan region of Kashmir.
Pakistan reportedly violated their Line of Control ceasefire with small arms fire and heavy mortar shelling against a tone in the India-administered Kashmir.
Over the years, New Delhi and Islamabad have fought deadly conflicts over the region since the petition in 1947.
Last year, the two countries engaged in cross-border strikes after India accused Pakistan of harbouring insurgents responsible for a suicide attack.
Pakistan continues to deny the charges.
After Mr Modi reshaped the Indian constitution in August and asserted federal rule over Kashmir and Ladakh, tensions escalated.
Both Pakistan and China condemned the move with Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan warned security and human rights implications could bring the two nuclear-armed rivals to war.
Pakistan recently signed to be part of China’s One Belt, One Road policy, strengthening the relationship between the two countries.
Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka – all who border India – also joined the initiative.
Back in January, Pakistan and China both held joint naval drills and combined counterterrorism manoeuvres a month earlier.
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