A woman executed her own mum as state punishment for "premediated murder" despite the deceased not carrying out the killing.
Maryam Karimi's death in Rasht Central Prison, Iran, is the latest shocking example of the rise in executions enforced in the Islamic Republic, Iran International TV reports.
Ms Karimi was sentenced to death on March 13, 2021 after her father killed her abusive and violent husband but she was the one arrested and charged with premediated murder.
Activist and journalist for Iran International TV described the execution as another "victory for a man" as a woman was encouraged to end her mother's life while her grandfather escaped capital punishment.
Maryam’s father is believed to have killed his son-in-law as he would not consent to a divorce from his violent marriage.
The fatal charge of ‘retribution in kind’ – known in Iran as ‘Qisas’ – is a form of retributive justice that equates to notions of ‘an eye for an eye’ in the Islamic Republic.
Following the execution, Iran International TV reports that Maryam’s father Ebrahim was brought in by authorities to see her corpse hanging, however for unknown reasons the authorities did not prescribe the death penalty for him.
Activist and journalist at Iran International TV, Aram Bolandpaz said: “Four decades of brain-washing at schools, extreme punishments in Iranian society and a patriarchal regime mean that Maryam's daughter was raised to make sure that executing her mother was a victory for a man, whether that be for her father or for the oppressive regime.”
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She added that: “Qisas is inhumane, savage, and cruel, no matter where in the world. For a country which prioritises the rights of unborn babies and emphasises that life is the most valuable phenomenon, how can the Islamic Republic seize a life from someone in such an awful way.”
Qisas requires the victim’s next of kin to be present at the execution and they are actively encouraged to carry out the execution themselves.
Iran International TV notes that Maryam’s daughter had refused to forgive Maryam or accept Diya (blood money) from her, which is why she proceeded with executing her own mother last week.
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Iran Human Rights Director Mahmood Amiry-Moghaddam said: “The Islamic Republic laws make a girl whose father was murdered when she was a child, the executioner of her own mother. The Islamic Republic is the leading promoter of violence in Iranian society today.”
The continued use of qisas and the prevalence of the death penalty in Iran has sparked calls from Iran Human Rights to halt the process as it fosters further violence and cruelty across the Islamic Republic.
Qisas death penalties are also in use for juvenile offenders, whilst Sharia law defines the age of criminal responsibility for girls to be 9 years old, and 15 for boys.
In 2019 225 executions were carried out as qisas, with 68 being carried out in one prison alone, and 4 of these executions involving individuals who were juveniles at the time of the offence.
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